Congenital Heart Disease Segmental Classification Essay

How to Cite

Anderson, R. H. and Macartney (now deceased), F. J. (2006) Classification and Nomenclature of Congenital Heart Defects, in Surgery for Congenital Heart Defects, Third Edition (eds J. F. Stark, M. R. de Leval and V. T. Tsang), John Wiley & Sons, Ltd, Chichester, UK. doi: 10.1002/0470093188.ch1

Editor Information

  1. Great Ormond Street Hospital for Children NHS Trust, London, UK

Author Information

  1. 1

    Cardiac Unit, Institute of Child Health, University College, London, UK

  2. 2

    Institute of Child Health, University College, London, UK

  1. It was the Reverend Professor Fergus Macartney who produced this chapter for the initial editions of this book, and who collaborated with RHA on the revision of the chapter for this edition. Sadly, Fergus died before this edition could be printed. The editors of the book join with the surviving author of this chapter in dedicating these pages to his eternal memory.

  1. Editors' note: The editors have decided to use Latin anatomical terminology to maintain uniformity throughout this book. This was done with the agreement of Professors Anderson and Macartney. They wish to emphasize, however, their preference for usage of English rather than Latin words.

Publication History

  1. Published Online: 19 SEP 2006
  2. Published Print: 11 AUG 2006

ISBN Information

Print ISBN: 9780470093160

Online ISBN: 9780470093184

  • 1.

    Van Praagh R, Ongley PA, Swan HJC (1964) Anatomic types of single or common ventricle in man, morphologic and geometric aspects of sixty autopsied cases. Am J Cardiol 13: 367–386CrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 2.

    Van Praagh R, Van Praagh S, Vlad P, Keith JD (1964) Anatomic types of congenital dextrocardia diagnostic and embryologic implications. Am J Cardiol 13: 510–531CrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 3.

    Van Praagh R (1972) The segmental approach to diagnosis in congential heart disease. The cardiovascular system (Original Article Series). Birth Defects 8: 4–23Google Scholar

  • 4.

    Van Praagh R (1977) Terminology of congential heart disease, glossary and commentary. Circulation 56: 139–143PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 5.

    Van Praagh R, Weinberg PM, Van Praagh S (1977) Malposition of the heart. In: Moss AJ, Adams FH, Emmanouilides GC (eds) Heart disease in infants, children and adolescents, 2nd edn. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, pp 394–417Google Scholar

  • 6.

    Van Praagh R, Vlad P (1978) Dextrocardia, mesocardia, and levocardia: The segmental approach to diagnosis in congenital heart disease. In: Keith JD, Rowe RD, Vlad P (1978) Heart disease in infancy and childhood. Macmillan, New York, pp 638–695Google Scholar

  • 7.

    Van Praagh R, David I, Gordon D, Wright GB, Van Praagh S (1981) Ventricular diagnosis and designation. In: Godman MJ (ed) Paediatric Cardiology, World Congress, London 1980, vol. 4, Churchill Livingstone, Edinburgh, pp 153–168Google Scholar

  • 8.

    Van Praagh R, Van Praagh S (1982) Embryology and anatomy: Keys to the understanding of complex and congenital heart disease. Coeur 13: 315–336Google Scholar

  • 9.

    Shinebourne EA, Macartney FJ, Anderson RH (1976) Sequential chamber localization—logical approach to diagnosis in congenital heart disease. Br Heart J 38: 327–340PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 10.

    Büchler JR, Rabelo R, Marino R, David I, Van Praagh R (1980) Double outlet right atrium: Autopsied case of newly recognized entity World Congress of Paediatric Cardiology, London, (abstr 233) 1980Google Scholar

  • 11.

    Rao PS (1981) Systematic approach to differential diagnosis. Am Heart J 102: 389–403PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 12.

    Otero Coto E, Quero Jimenez M (1977) Aproximacion segmentaria al diagnostico y clasificacion de las cardiopatias congenitas. Fundamentos y utilidad. Rev Esp Cardiol 30:557–566PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 13.

    Stanger P, Rudolph AM, Edwards JE (1977) Cardiac malpositions, an overview based on study of sixty-five necropsy specimens. Circulation 56: 159–172PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 14.

    Tynan MJ, Becker AE, Macartney FJ, Quero Jimenez M, Shinebourne FA, Anderson RH (1979) Nomenclature and classification of congenital heart disease. Br Heart J 41: 544–553PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 15.

    Calcaterra G, Anderson RH, Lau KC, Shinebourne EA (1979) Dextrocardia—value of segmental analysis in its categorization. Br Heart J 42: 497–507PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 16.

    Ando M, Santomi G, Takao A (1980) Atresia of tricuspid or mitral orifice: Anatomic spectrum and morphogenetic hypothesis. In: Van Praagh R, Takao A (eds) Etiology and morphogenesis of congenital heart disease. Futura, Mt. Kisco, New York, pp 421–487Google Scholar

  • 17.

    Pei M (1965) The story of language. Language and political institutions. Mentor Books, New American Library, New York, pp 263–264Google Scholar

  • 18.

    Van Praagh R, Plett JA, Van Praagh S (1979) Single ventricle: Pathology, embryology, terminology, and classification. Herz 4: 113–150PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 19.

    Van Praagh R, Wise JR, Dahl BA, Van Praagh S (1980) Single left ventricle with infundibular outlet chamber and tricuspid valve opening only into outlet chamber in a 44-year-old man with thoracoabdominal ectopia cordis without diaphragmatic or pericardial defect: Importance of myocardial morphologic method of chamber identification in congenital heart disease. In: Van Praagh R, Takao A (eds) Etiology and morphogenesis of congenital heart disease. Futura, Mt. Kisco, New York, pp 379–420Google Scholar

  • 20.

    Van Praagh R, Visner MS (1976) The postoperative pathology of congenital heart disease. Am J Cardiol 38: 225–230PubMedCrossRefGoogle Scholar

  • 21.

    Van Praagh R, Durnin RE, Jockin H, Wagner HR, Korns M, Garabedian H, Ando M, Calder AL (1975) Anatomically corrected malposition of the great arteries {S,D,L}. Circulation 51: 20–31PubMedGoogle Scholar

  • 22.

    Van Praagh S, Davidoff A, Chin A, Shiel FS, Reynolds J, Van Praagh R (1982) Double-outlet right ventricle: Anatomic types and developmental implications based on a study of 101 autopsied cases. Coeur 13: 389–439Google Scholar

  • 23.

    Van Praagh, R, Weinberg PM (1977) Double-outlet left ventricle. In: Moss AJ, Adams FH, Emmanouilides GC (eds) Heart disease in infants, children and adolescents. Williams and Wilkins, Baltimore, pp 367–380Google Scholar

  • 0 thoughts on “Congenital Heart Disease Segmental Classification Essay”


    Leave a Comment

    Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *