Tourism In Kashmir Essay

Jammu and Kashmir is the northernmost state of india locked in Himalayan Mountains. Jammu and Kashmir is home to several Valleys such as the Kashmir Valley, Tawi Valley, Chenab Valley, Punch Valley, Sindh Valley and Lidder Valley. Some major tourist attractions in Jammu and Kashmir are Srinagar, the Mughal Gardens, Gulmarg, Pahalgam, Patnitop, Jammu, and Ladakh. Some areas require a special permit for non-Indians to visit. A beautiful place with lakes,mountains and valleys. A great destination to spend some time and refresh mood.

Regions[edit]

  • Jammu — Jammu is the winter capital of state and it is famous for its temples, particularly The Vaishno Devi Temple in Katra which is visited by over 1 crore (10 million) pilgrims every year,[1] making Jammu the most visited part of Jammu and Kashmir State.
  • Kashmir Valley — is famous for it's, beautiful gardens, vast lakes, and pristine streams and landscapes. Kashmir Valley consists of many ancient temples and shrines which makes it an important site for Hindus and Buddhists.
  • Ladakh — consists rivers like Indus river. The peaks in the Ladakh Range are at a medium altitude close to the Zoji-la (5,000–5,500 m or 16,000–18,050 ft) and increase toward the southeast, culminating in the twin summits of Nun-Kun (7000 m or 23,000 ft).

Tourist Attractions[edit]

  • Jammu — the winter capital
  • Srinagar — the summer capital of the state, set around famous Dal Lake, with its floating houseboats
  • Gulmarg — Skiing and the India' highest gondola
  • Katra— in the foothills of the Trikuta Mountains and home of the holy Mata Vaishno Devi shrine
  • Leh — the jumping off point for treks and adventures around Ladakh
  • Pahalgam — a calm and serene place offering multiple trekking routes. Starting point of Amarnath Yatra
  • Patnitop — a small hill station in Jammu
  • Udhampur covered with snowy mountains is tourist attraction for many

Overview[edit]

Before militancy intensified in 1989, tourism formed an important part of the Kashmiri economy and Kashmir was the favorite destination for Bollywood. Kashmir had 19 cinema halls which were closed due to rising Islamic Terrorism.[2][3]The tourism economy in the Kashmir valley was worst hit. However, the holy shrines of Jammu and the Buddhist monasteries of Ladakh continue to remain popular pilgrimage and tourism destinations. Every year, thousands of Hindu pilgrims visit holy shrines of Vaishno Devi and Amarnath which has had significant impact on the state's economy.[4]

Tourism in the Kashmir valley has rebounded in recent years and in 2009, the state became one of the top tourist destinations of India.[5]Gulmarg, one of the most popular ski resort destinations in India, is also home to the world's highest green golf course.[6] The decrease in violence in the state has boosted the states economy specifically tourism.[7] It was reported that 7.36 lakh tourists visited Kashmir in 2010 including 23,000 foreigners. In 2011, the number of tourist arrivals in Kashmir touched the mark of 10 lakh.[8][9]

Language[edit]

The state's official language is Urdu. However, the main languages spoken are Kashmiri in the Kashmir Valley, Ladakhi in Ladakh and Dogri in Jammu. Most people can speak Hindi as a second language.

As elsewhere in India, English is fairly widely spoken among the educated classes and those involved in the tourist industry.

Transportation[edit]

By plane[edit]

Flights operate to Jammu, Leh and Srinagar. Air India, Jet Airways, Air Asia, GoAir, Indigo Airlines and SpiceJet are some of the flights operating in the state.

By train[edit]

The last stop on the railway line north is Udhampur, where you can catch onward buses and hire SUVs/MUVs (Tata Sumo / Toyota Innova/ Mahindra Scorpio). However it is better to get down in Jammu and catch a taxi from there as these are more readily available.

The Jammu–Baramulla line is a railway line being built in India to connect the state of Jammu and Kashmir with the rest of the country. The Project officially coded USBRL (Udhampur Srinagar Baramulla Railway Link) starts from the city of Udhampur, 55 kilometres (34 mi) north of Jammu, and travels for 290 kilometres (180 mi) to the city of Baramulla on the northwestern edge of the Kashmir Valley. The route crosses major earthquake zones, and is subjected to extreme temperatures of cold and heat, as well as inhospitable terrain, making it an extremely challenging engineering project.

By Bus[edit]

There are two ways to get in by land - via Jammu and up to Srinagar or via Manali in Himachal Pradesh and up to Leh.

Transportation within[edit]

  • Buses are operated by J&K SRTC to most points around the state. They offer package tour to Gulmarg, Shonmarg, Yusmarg, Wular lake, City tour, etc. There is Tourist information center, where one get the tickets plus info.
  • 4 wheel drive jeeps are quicker, a little more expensive and reach more locations. Private hire jeeps are also available.

Tourist places[edit]

Gulmarg[edit]

Gulmarg is well known for its amazing natural beauty and it is counted as one of unique tourist destinations in the india.Gulmarg is surrounded by dense forest. This place is famous for its golf hikes and beautiful highland golf course. The natural beauty accompanied with clean fresh air and a beautiful environment highlights Gulmarg as a major tourist destination.

Vaishno Devi[edit]

The town of Katra, which is close to Jammu, contains the Vaishno Devi shrine. Nestling on top of the Trikuta Hills at a height of 1700 m is the sacred cave shrine of Vaishno Devi, the mother goddess. At a distance of 48 km from Jammu, the cave is 30 metres long and just 1.5 metres high. At the end of the cave are shrines dedicated to the three forms of the mother goddess — Mahakali, Mahalakshmi and Mahasarasvati, which is manifested as Vaishno Devi. Pilgrims start trekking to the cave temple, which is 13 km from Katra, enter in small groups through a narrow opening and walk through ice-cold waters to reach the shrines. [10]

Sonmarg[edit]

The way to reach Sonmarg or the Meadow of the gold is from the Sindh Valley. This valley also shows more amazing facet in Kashmir. Sonmarg is located at an altitude of around 2730 meters from the sea level; it has snow-covered mountains as its backdrop against the sky.

Raghunath Temple[edit]

Raghunath Temple is dedicated to the Hindu Lord Shri Rama. All the inner walls of this temple are covered with gold, on three sides. Galleries of this temples are covered with ‘ Saligrams’. The other surrounding temples are related to other gods from the Ramayana. This temple is located in the centre or we can say in the heart of Jammu.

Mubarak Mandi Palace[edit]

Mubarak Palace was built with the touch of three different styles, Rajasthani, Mughal and Gothic. Most famous part of this Palace is the Sheesh Mahal segment. There is a Dogra Art Museum, which is a treasure house of miniature paintings from various hill schools.

Chadar Trek[edit]

Zanskar is located at a very high altitude in Jammu and Kashmir. It is one of the best trekking destinations around the world. In Winter, Zanskar river freezes up, and gets converted into an amazing adventures trek called Chadar-The Frozen River Trek.

Khilanmarg is another beautiful scenic beauty and a favourite tourist destination . the famous Liddar Valley is prominent feature .

The traditional name for the Zanskar Trek is Chadar Trek as the river becomes a snow sheet during winters due to heavy snowfall. It boasts of some of the lowest temperatures making it a challenging trek for the adventurers. The most isolated and inaccessible for nearly eight months in a year due to heavy snowfall resulting in closure of all the access passes; Zanskar has the distinction of being the least interfered with microcosms of Ladakh, and thus one of the last few surviving cultural satellites of Tibet. This geographical isolation together with the esoteric nature of Buddhism practiced here has enabled its ten thousand inhabitants to preserve and perpetuate their cultural identity.

Other lesser known Tourist Destinations are Achabal, Kokernag, Verinag and Gurez.

In Kashmir Valley[edit]

In Jammu[edit]

  • Vaishno Devi - famous Hindu shrine.
  • Patnitop - Hill station
  • Bhaderwah - Hill station
  • Poonch
  • Sanasar
  • Eco-tourism places: Mantalai and Shivkhori
  • Punj old fort
  • Shahdra Sharif shrine
  • Bhimgarh Fort
  • Ramnagar Fort in Udhampur District
  • Mansar Lake -Mansar lake, with its length more than a mile and width half-a-mile, is a very attractive lake in the midst of lusting greeneries surrounded by forest-covered hills. It is considered as a very holy site known from mythological periods sharing the sanctity and legacy of Mansa Sarovar. It is a very popular base of tourists.

A temple for a snake god, Sheshnag, is located on the banks of the lake. It is believed that it is auspicious for newlywed couples to seek blessings of Sheshnag by performing three parikramas around the lake. The holy dip in the Mansar Lake is assumed to be purifying the sins.

A temple of Durga and two other ancient temples Narasimha and Parvathi Shiva (Umapati Mahadev) are located in the close proximity of the Mansar Lake. Mansar Lake is an ideal spot for boating, amidst the lusting greeneries of Jammu. There is a wildlife sanctuary nearby.

In Ladakh[edit]

Main article: Tourism in Ladakh

  • Leh - One of the two districts of Ladakh, famous monasteries.
  • Nubra Valley - the scenic valley with towns of Deskit and Hundar.
  • Lake Moriri - one of the largest and high altitude lakes.
  • Pangong Lake - Lake divided between India and China
  • Zanskar - scenic trekking areas.
  • Suru Valley - Origin of various glaciers, Nun and Kun Peaks
  • Drass - World's Second Coldest Inhabited Place, site of the 1999 Kargil war. Must visit Dras War Memorial

Gallery[edit]

Ladakh[edit]

Kashmir[edit]

Jammu[edit]

See also[edit]

Outline of Tourism in India[edit]

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Gulmarg Gondola, Cable Car
The Vaishno Devi shrine attracts millions of Hindu devotees every year, located in Jammu region.
Sanji Chhat helipad vaishno devi
Skiing is popular in Gulmarg, showing cable car in a snow clad mountain.
The Indus valley near Leh
View of valley near Pahalgam town
Nanga Parbat in Kashmir, the ninth-highest mountain on Earth, is the western anchor of the Himalayas
View of Trikuta Hills in Jammu

Kashmir Valley Tourism: Seasonal harvesting and picture perfect spots

Kashmir Valley farmers have kick started the actual harvesting of Tulips with the aim to make sure that visitors arrive in a large numbers to view them and give you a boost to tourist. Currently, hundreds of staffers, including professional backyard gardeners are busy developing and leveling the garden within the supervision of floriculture division officials.

In the last few years Kashmir’s tulip back garden has attracted tourists all over the world as results of which, the valley saw an incredible number of tourists visiting the actual scenic valley. The post collection operation of tulip bulbs is full swing within Kashmir’s tulip back garden. Post harvesting process is conducted to obtain stunning flowers and experts on the floriculture department are caring for it.

Authorities have made some traditional cold stores where they have installed air conditioners (AC) to take care of the suitable temperature with the aim to preserve tulip bulbs. It is advisable to keep the light sources under cool temperature following your harvesting of light sources. Kashmir was after dubbed the Switzerland in the east. It has been once a Mecca with regard to climbers, skiers, honeymooners and filmmakers drawn to the state’s leaping peaks, fruit orchards in addition to timber houseboats bobbing about Dal Lake within Srinagar, the summer capital.

Planeloads of India’s upwardly cellular middle classes include visited the snapshot postcard-perfect Kashmir Valley comes early July, making it the actual busiest tourist season because the armed revolt begun in 1989.

Your excitement will quickly realize a new dimension when you will explore a number of the high treks where by clear water waters cast a spell. The beauty of Kashmir is within its vast healthy resources, its home gardens, quite environment along with pleasant weather.

Regular visitors have many other reasons to head for that valley, like activities including adventure activities: snow skiing, excellent skiing conditions boarding, trekking, climbing, angling and more. With moderate weather in summers along with heavy snowfall in winters, Kashmir makes as exception inside the entire country.

 

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Kashmir holiday tour packages : Enjoy the Trip

Kashmir is one of the famous and best tourist destinations in the world. Situated in northern India within the lap of the particular Himalayas, Kashmir is usually a bewitchingly beautiful place found in the state involving Jammu & Kashmir. When one thinks of Kashmir, leap to mind are the gorgeous flower parks and natural beauty of Kashmir.

You are advised to get a Kashmir tour package if you wish to save some cash. These packages incorporate sightseeing, stay within the best hotels, breakfast as well as Kashmir travel information. Kashmir can be visited throughout the year though the best time is the summer months between May and September.

Dal Lake is amongst the biggest attractions involving Kashmir. It is a substantial and captivating lake which also allows you to do boating using a house boat during the summer months. It becomes frozen throughout the winter season and is particularly a sight for you to behold. Other leading tourist spots inside Kashmir are Shalimar Bagh, Nishat Bagh, Pari Mahal, Jamia Masjid, Royal Spring along with the Tomb of Jesus.

Kashmir’s cosmopolitan culture along with the picturesque atmosphere will unquestionably have a positive influence on your heart. A nearby food is beneficial, the people are friendly along with the beauty is hypnotizing. You can even do some local shopping within the local bazaars to buy woolens or even souvenirs. So, purchase a Kashmir tour package and possess a wonderful time.

The most went to and and well known tourist places involving Kashmir like Pahlgam, Gulmarg, Sonamarg, Achabal, Verinag, Kokarnag, Yusmarg in addition to beautiful Shalimar Landscapes. These places are having really paradise glimpse and kashmir landscapes as gardens involving heaven and icreases the particular charm of kashmir area. Book Kashmir Vacation Packages Importance of spots of kashmir. Firstly gulmarg famous for its winter sports and many travelers come across from the world to occur celebrate holiday vocation throughout summers this is amongst the beautiful hill train station of Kashmir.

 

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Kashmir Tourism Places and Packages: Enjoy the Beauty of Nature

Kashmir is one of the famous tourist destinations in India. This place will be heavenly blessed together with numerous unmatched attractions which might be admired all through the year. It’s sheer healthy bounty including snowcapped sterling silver mountains and wide varieties of flora and fauna have earned this the title ‘heaven with earth’. It is the most favored desired destination among natural buffs, honeymooners and journey seekers.

Best Kashmir Tourism Places

Budshah Tomb is the tomb of Sultan Zain-Ul-Abideen’s mum who once reigned between 1420 AD and 1470 AD. The Tomb is popularly referred to as Badshah Tomb or the King’s Tomb in which the Sultan’s mother was buried. This tomb reflects an outstanding piece of the particular Shahmiri architecture typically prevalent in Kashmir.

Burzahama Ruins can be found about 16 km’s from Naseem Bagh Route in Srinagar and about 24 km’s from Shalimar Route in Srinagar to the north-west of Kashmir. These ruins they fit on an elevated platform referred to as a ‘Karewa’ and reveals ruins involving ancient settlement that goes to the Neolithic age or the brand new Stone era in the course of when development involving human technology commenced about 10200 California.

Hari Parbat Fort is really a Mughal Fort that stands about the summit of the particular Hari Parbat Mountain in Srinagar. Afterwards, an Afghan governor referred to as Ata Mohammad Khan reconstructed the Fort through the 18th Century. Hari Parbat or Hari Hill is recognized as utmost sacred amongst the Hindu devotees as a result of the Sharika Forehead situated nearby where Goddess Durga or Shakti is thought to have manifested with this very place. The historic Makhdoom Sahib shrine can be found towards the southern end of Hari Parbat which can be also highly adored and visited by means of people from almost all faiths.

Harwan Buddhist Damages is recorded to get existed since the entire year 300 AD and is also located to the northwestern area of Kashmir and to the eastern side of the famous Shalimar Mughal Lawn. The Buddhist wrecks of Harwan are usually famous worldwide with regard to unveiling the Kushan Empire time of civilization that once thrived with this very place thus revealing many of the most rare and interesting artefacts.

Martand Sun Temple is really a medieval Temple situated with a plateau placed very all-around Anantnag. This Temple is specializing in the Sun God or Surya and as such was named while Martand Sun Forehead. This Sun Temple is also called the Acropolis of Kashmir as a result of its unique architecture that appears to imitate a Ancient greek Citadel. The Martand Sunshine Temple was built by Maharaja Laitaditya Muktapida of the 7th to 8th Century AD and reveals a colonnaded courtyard and a central shrine. This Temple complicated features 84 columns from where you can command a wonderful view of Kashmir Valley.

Parihaspora Buddhist Site can be found on an elevated plateau called the particular Karewa land located about 24 kms to the right side of the Srinagar – Baramulla street. This historical internet site was once named ‘Pargana Paraspur’ in the course of first era of the Dogra reign. This page is now within ruins and distribute across 3 Karewa lands that has the Kane Shahs or the key stone structure, Govardhan Karewa, and the Budh Karewa.

Shahi-Hamdan is a mosque manufactured from wood and situated relating to the 3rd and the particular 4th bridge spanning over the Jhelum River. The main feature of this mosque is the hanging bells and the exquisitely carved caves with interiors which have been beautifully painted as well as chandeliers that emanate sheer abundance.

The Awantipura Damages was once a township which was erected by its founder named Awant-Varma who once ruled Kashmir through the 9th Century. These ruins are located in Pahalgam and regarding 29 kms from your capital city, Srinagar.

 

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